The first settlements dating to b c e 7000
The reason for its earliest settlements are the springs which are found in and near the city.These springs supply the area with enough water to sustain a large population.Archaeological evidence reveals that by 8000 BCE, the site grew to 40,000 square meters (430,000 square feet) and was surrounded by a stone wall 3.6 meters (11.8 feet) high and 1.8 meters (5.9 feet) wide at the base.Inside the wall was a stone tower 8.5 meters (28 feet) high and 9 meters (30 feet) wide at the base. The only older towers than this one have been found at Tell Qaramel in Syria.The fresco fragment, which bears an image of a rocky landscape, was found in debris of the palace's first phase, dating to the seventeenth century B. Fine ceramics transported from Knossos are evidence of a substantial reoccupation of the western part of the site by elite classes after 1500.The Greek state is expropriating the site from a farmer and it will eventually be developed as an archaeological park; the dig has received financial support from the Institute for Aegean Prehistory.By about 9400 BCE the settlement grew to include more than 70 homes.These circular dwellings measured 5 meters (16 feet) in diameter and were built with clay and straw.
Some scholars believe that the tower was used to motivate people into taking part in the communal lifestyle.
Rescue excavations next to Daskaloyanni Street conducted by Vlazaki in 1989 revealed a lustral basin for ritual purification.
The settlement will be temporarily covered pending further excavation and the creation of an archaeological park.
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